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  ../images/main/bulllet_4dots_orange.gif Hierarchical Names

Clocking block can access (input) arbitrary hierarchical expression, which means that not just the local signals but signals deep in hier can be accessed and also operation like concate can be performed as shown in example below.

   

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  ../images/main/bullet_star_pink.gif Example : Hierarchical Names
   

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  1 `timescale 1ns/1ns
  2 // program declaration with ports.
  3 program clocking_hier_prg (
  4   input  wire        clk,
  5   output logic [7:0] din,
  6   input  wire  [7:0] dout,
  7   output logic [7:0] addr,
  8   output logic       ce,
  9   output logic       we
 10 );
 11  
 12   // Clocking block 
 13   clocking ram @(posedge clk);
 14      input   #1  dout = clocking_skew.dout;
 15      output  #1  din,addr,ce,we;
 16   endclocking
 17 
 18   initial begin
 19     $monitor("@%0dns addr :%0x din %0x dout %0x we %0x ce %0x",
 20            $time, addr, din,ram.dout,we,ce);
 21     // Init the outputs
 22     ram.addr <= 0;
 23     ram.din <= 0;
 24     ram.ce <= 0;
 25     ram.we <= 0;
 26     // Write Operation to Ram
 27     for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++) begin
 28       @ (posedge clk);
 29       ram.addr <= i;
 30       ram.din <= $random;
 31       ram.ce <= 1;
 32       ram.we <= 1;
 33       @ (posedge clk);
 34       ram.ce <= 0;
 35     end
 36     // Read Operation to Ram
 37     for (int i = 0; i < 2; i++) begin
 38       @ (posedge clk);
 39       ram.addr <= i;
 40       ram.ce <= 1;
 41       ram.we <= 0;
 42       // Below line is same as  @ (posedge clk);
 43       @ (ram); 
 44       ram.ce <= 0;
 45     end
 46      #40 ;
 47   end
 48 
 49 endprogram
 50 
 51 // Simple top level file
 52 module clocking_skew();
 53 
 54 logic        clk = 0;
 55 wire   [7:0] din;
 56 logic  [7:0] dout;
 57 wire   [7:0] addr;
 58 wire         ce;
 59 wire         we;
 60 reg    [7:0] memory [0:255];
 61 
 62 // Clock generator
 63 always  #10  clk++;
 64 
 65 // Simple ram model
 66 always @ (posedge clk)
 67  if (ce)
 68    if (we)
 69      memory[addr] <= din;
 70    else
 71      dout <= memory[addr];
 72 
 73 // Connect the program
 74 clocking_hier_prg U_program(
 75  .clk   (clk),
 76  .din   (din),
 77  .dout  (),
 78  .addr  (addr),
 79  .ce    (ce),
 80  .we    (we)
 81 );
 82 
 83 endmodule
You could download file clocking_hier.sv here
   

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  ../images/main/bullet_star_pink.gif Simulation : Hierarchical Names
   

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 @0ns addr :xx din xx dout xx we x ce x
 @11ns addr :0 din 24 dout xx we 1 ce 1
 @31ns addr :0 din 24 dout xx we 1 ce 0
 @51ns addr :1 din 81 dout xx we 1 ce 1
 @71ns addr :1 din 81 dout xx we 1 ce 0
 @91ns addr :0 din 81 dout xx we 0 ce 1
 @111ns addr :0 din 81 dout xx we 0 ce 0
 @130ns addr :0 din 81 dout 24 we 0 ce 0
 @131ns addr :1 din 81 dout 24 we 0 ce 1
 @151ns addr :1 din 81 dout 24 we 0 ce 0
 @170ns addr :1 din 81 dout 81 we 0 ce 0
   

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Copyright 1998-2014

Deepak Kumar Tala - All rights reserved

Do you have any Comment? mail me at:deepak@asic-world.com